Question Number 628:
Why does the Orthodox church reject predestination?
ANSWER:The Orthodox Church does not reject "predestination" which is a Biblical concept, found for example in Romans 8:29-30:
"For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the first-born among many brethren. And those whom he predestined he also called; and those whom he called he also justified; and those whom he justified he also glorified."
What the Orthodox tradition has historically rejected is the Calvinist view of predestination, which is that in the distant past, God made a decree that would predestine some to be saved and others to be lost, without reference to the person's being or actions but simply by sovereign choice. Calvinists then disagree on the order of the decrees, which shows that this anthropomorphic view is not satisfactory.
The Orthodox view would be that there is a foreordained destiny based on one's eternal state of being, and God foreknows everyone completely, according to 1 Co 13:12. In this sense, there is predestination to a glorious destiny for those whom God foreknows.