Orthodox Answers


What books are in Eastern Orthodox Bibles in both OT and NT? Are they the same as the Roman Catholic Bibles? What final decree or canon does the Eastern Orthodox follow and from where do they get it?

The New Testament canon is the same for Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholics and Protestants. The first official listing of these was by Saint Athanasius in his Festal Letter as Archbishop of Alexandria in 367. The Old Testament canon was and remains a more complicated issue. There...


Thank you, and I have a follow-up to my last question. In the case of the Catholic Church then, if it has fallen into heresy and schism, can it similarly be said that it is no longer has “assured manifestations of the Church”? In other words, when they are received into Orthodoxy without baptism at times, is this because Catholicism has assured manifestations of the Church or only as an act of pastoral economia? This is another topic I’ve heard many Orthodox responses to.

In your question, it would be best to use the precise expression 'Roman Catholic Church' instead of 'Catholic Church' since we Orthodox apply this expression to ourselves! The question of when a (local) Church ceases to become an assured manifestation of the Body of Christ...


Are not icons images or idols that are forbidden by the ten commandments? Why do the Orthodox give such reverence (kissing, etc) to icons?

This answer will have 2 parts with input by 2 contributors: Reply Part #1 Obviously, Orthodox Christians do not think that commandment to abstain from idols and idolatry (10 commandments and 3 John for reiteration in the New Testament). This was a very debated subject which was...